Sudanese strongman and suspected war criminal Omar al-Bashir overthrown

Khartoum Sudan

CC BY-SA 2.0 Juri Knauth Khartoum Thousands of Protesters Heading to Anti Government Rally in Sudan

After Sudan's army removed Omar al-Bashir from power on Thursday, here are some other cases where world leaders have fallen after the military sided with popular protests.

The SPA, which is spearheading the protests, said they will only accept the handover of power to a civilian transitional government.

During the protests, Amnesty International said all social media platforms were jammed and phone signals around the military headquarters were noticeably weakened.

Cairo voiced its full belief in "the ability of the brotherly Sudanese people and their loyal national army to overcome the challenges of this critical order to achieve stability, prosperity and development", a foreign ministry statement said. Since then, the military has stuck by him, even as he was forced to allow the separation of South Sudan and as he became a pariah in many countries, wanted by by the worldwide war crimes tribunal for atrocities in Darfur.

"The United States continues to call for those responsible for the horrific crimes that were committed in Darfur to be held accountable for those actions", Palladino said, without specifying whether Bashir or the coup leader, Defense Minister Awad Ibnouf, should be extradited.

Tens of thousands of Sudanese were on the streets of the capital, Khartoum, on Thursday after conflicting signs of how the military would approach the protests, which began mid-December over soaring living costs that sent inflation rocketing to about 70 percent.

The demonstrations changed from a narrowly economic agenda to demanding that President Bashir, who took power in a coup in June 1989, step down.

With the arrest of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange in London coming the same day as reports of Omar Bashir's removal as President of Sudan, it's worth noting the role that cables leaked by WikiLeaks had in exposing the corruption at the heart of Bashir's administration.

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The government had hoped for quick financial support from wealthy Gulf Arab allies after Bashir sent troops to Yemen as part of a Saudi-led alliance fighting an Iran-aligned movement, but help was slow to arrive. He is wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.

The organizers say they are now in discussions with the military's leadership about forming a transitional government.

Canadians should avoid all travel to Sudan as the country is now being rocked by a military coup deposing their longtime leader, Omar al-Bashir.

The UN chief voiced his "expectation that the democratic aspiration of the Sudanese people will be realised through an appropriate and inclusive transition process", said his spokesman Stephane Dujarric. Al-Bashir banned unauthorized public gatherings and granted sweeping powers to the police after imposing a state of emergency last month.

The protests were originally sparked by a rise in the cost of living, but demonstrators then began calling for the president to resign and his government to go. The civil conflict with the south of the country ended in 2005 and South Sudan became independent in 2011.

Defying the ICC, Bashir continued to visit friendly foreign states as he tried to show he had not been cowed by the worldwide arrest warrant.

"Those who destroyed the country and killed the people are seeking to steal every drop of blood and sweat that the Sudanese people poured in their revolution that shook the throne of tyranny", the statement read.

Mr Adawi is said to be favoured by regional neighbours at odds with Mr al-Bashir over his Islamist leanings.

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